Jewish Cemetery in Łódź

Jewish Poland

The Łódź Jewish Cemetery, which covers over 0.4 square meters / 4.3 square feet, is the largest Jewish Necropolis in Poland and one of the largest in Europe. Many of the graves in the cemetery are high-quality examples of stonework and blacksmithing. The history of this popular tourist destination reflects the multiculturalism of Łódź and provides a better understanding of the city.

Historical cemeteries from the 19th to early 20th centuries are my favorite wandering spots in European cities where I can run from the noise and the smelly traffic on the streets. Adorned with mossy, crumbling, often beautiful, even stunning tombstones with famous and forgotten names, they are not filled with the cold air of grief and drama but have a soft whiff of history. There is no exemption at the Jewish Cemetery in Łódź.

Founded in the 19th century with the help of wealthy industrialists and donations from the community of the city of Łódź, this Jewish cemetery is the final resting place for approximately 160,000 people, according to JewishLodzCemetery. The territory is an elongated irregular polygon with two main sections: the eastern, which includes the main gates and buildings, and the western, which contains the burial ground.

Many persons who contributed to the city's history and growth lay to rest in the Łódź Jewish Cemetery, including rabbis, entrepreneurs, physicians, politicians, and public figures. They include Dr. Seweryn Sterling, Perec Willenberg, Stanisław Heyman, Bund activist Izrael Lichtenstein, textile magnate Izrael Poznanski with his wife, factory owner Arnold Stiller, poet Julian Tuwim and classical musician Artur Rubinstein's parents, among others.

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Łódź Map

The Cemetery's Brief History

Łódź's Jews were the second-largest Jewish community in prewar Poland, behind the country's capital. The mainstay of the city's industry was textile factories owned by wealthy Jewish families.

At the end of the 19th century, there were not enough burial places in the Jewish cemetery (now defunct) on Bracka Street, located west of the Old Town. 1892 saw the creation of a new cemetery on the territory of the then village of Bałuty, outside the city limits, on Zmienna Street. Burying took place there for the first time in 1893.

Built from gray granite in 1902,  the monumental mausoleum of Israel Poznański, one of the three "kings of cotton" in Łódź, especially stands out in the cemetery. In all of the world's Jewish cemeteries, this is the largest mausoleum.

During WWII, the cemetery was part of the ghetto. The so-called "ghetto field" contains the graves of over 45,000 people.

Since 2015, the Łódź Jewish Cemetery has been on the National Register of Historic Places.

Łódź Jewish Cemetery in Pictures

Jewish History Poland
Jewish tombstones and graves

Jewish History Poland
Old tombstones

Jewish History Poland
Old tombstones

Jewish History Poland
Izrael Poznanski's mausoleum, designed in the Art Nouveau style

Jewish History Poland
In the center of the mausoleum are sarcophagi of Leonia and Izrael Poznaski made of red marble by Antoni Urbanowski

Jewish History Poland
Old tombstones

Jewish History Poland
Undisturbed part of the cemetery

How to Get There

Poland's city of Łódź is about 118 kilometers / 74 miles southwest of Warsaw, the capital. The Jewish cemetery, surrounded by a brick wall, is on Bracka Street, with the entrance on Zmienna Street, in the city's northeastern part.

Address: Bracka 40, 91-717 Łódź, Poland

By Public Transportation

Bus (lines 51A, 53A, 53D, 57, 58A, 58B, 60A, 60C, 64A, 64B, 70, 81, Z6): Wojska Polskiego/Palki

Train (line LKA): Łódź Marysin

Opening Hours & Ticket Prices

If you intend to visit the Jewish cemetery in Łódź, please check the JewishLodzCemetery's website for practical information such as opening times and prices for tickets.

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