Lodz Jewish Cemetery – Poland's Largest Jewish Necropolis

Jewish Poland

Founded in the 19th century by Lodz's wealthy industrialists, the Jewish cemetery is the final resting place for approximately 160,000 people, according to JewishLodzCemetery. Many persons who contributed to the city's history and growth lay to rest in the cemetery, including rabbis, entrepreneurs, physicians, politicians, and public figures.


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The Lodz Jewish Cemetery, which covers over 0.4 square meters / 4.3 square feet, is the largest Jewish Necropolis in Poland and one of the largest in Europe. Many of the graves in the cemetery are high-quality examples of stonework and blacksmithing. The history of this popular tourist destination reflects the multiculturalism of Lodz and provides a better understanding of the city.


My favorite walking spots in European cities are historical cemeteries from the 18th to early 20th centuries, where I can escape the noisy and smelly traffic on the streets for a little while. Old cemeteries, adorned with mossy, crumbling, often beautiful, even stunning tombstones with famous and forgotten names, are not filled with the cold air of grief and drama but have a soft whiff of history.


Jewish History Poland
Jewish tombstones and graves

Jewish History Poland
Old tombstones

Jewish History Poland
Old tombstones

Jewish History Poland
Izrael Poznanski's mausoleum, designed in the Art Nouveau style

Jewish History Poland
In the center of the mausoleum are sarcophagi of Leonia and Izrael Poznaski made of red marble by Antoni Urbanowski

Jewish History Poland
Old tombstones

Jewish History Poland
Undisturbed part of the cemetery


The Cemetery's Brief History


Lodz's Jews were the second-largest Jewish community in prewar Poland, behind the country's capital. The mainstay of the city's industry was textile factories owned by wealthy Jewish families.


At the end of the 19th century, there were not enough burial places in the Jewish cemetery (now defunct) on Bracka Street, located west of the Old Town. 1892 saw the creation of a new cemetery on the territory of the then village of Bałuty, outside the city limits, on Zmienna Street. Burying took place there for the first time in 1893.


Built from gray granite in 1902, the monumental mausoleum of Israel Poznański, one of the three "kings of cotton" in Lodz, especially stands out in the cemetery. It is the largest mausoleum in the world's Jewish cemeteries.


During WWII, the cemetery was part of the ghetto. The so-called "ghetto field" contains the graves of over 45,000 people.


How to Get There


The city of Lodz is about 118 kilometers (74 miles) southwest of Warsaw, the capital. The Jewish cemetery, surrounded by a brick wall, is on Bracka Street, with the entrance on Zmienna Street, in the city's northeastern part. If you intend to visit the cemetery, please check the JewishLodzCemetery's website for practical information such as opening times and ticket prices.

Address: Bracka 40, 91-717 Łódź, Poland


By Public Transportation:

Bus (lines 51A, 53A, 53D, 57, 58A, 58B, 60A, 60C, 64A, 64B, 70, 81, Z6): Wojska Polskiego/Palki
Train (line LKA): Łódź Marysin


Where to Stay in Lodz


Booking.com offers a wide range of lodging options, various discounts, and exceptional customer service. For a list of places to stay in Lodz, click here.


Booking.com


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