St. John's Church – Finland's Finest Neo-Gothic Sacral Building


The most prominent example of Neo-Gothic church architecture in Finland is Helsinki's two-tower red-brick Church of St. John. Furthermore, the church is Finland's largest stone structure built as a basilica with a central nave, two aisles, and seating for approximately 2,600 people. In this light, it should be no surprise that the church is frequently a filming location for popular shows and movies.

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I came across this brick-masonry church while strolling through Helsinki, Finland's capital. Luckily! St. John's Church appeared to me to be the most beautiful sacral building in the city, especially for its interior; I initially thought I was visiting the city's cathedral rather than a regular church – it's magnificent!

A representative unified urban space surrounds the Neo-Gothic building, a cityscape icon. In addition to St. John's Church, this urban space includes a beautiful park and 19th–20th-century residential buildings. The church is a favorite wedding venue due to its good location and impressive size. The excellent acoustics make it a popular concert venue as well.

St. John's Church in Photos

St. John's Church
A view of the church from the north-east

The church façade

St. Jon's Church in Helsinki
Sculpture of St. John the Baptist

The church interior, with the altar in the background

The organ

The Church's Brief History

St. John's Church was Helsinki's third Lutheran church, built between 1888 and 1891 as the surrounding population began to grow. The New Church was its original name. It stands in Ullanlinna, the southernmost district of central Helsinki, on a hill where people traditionally burnt bonfires during Midsummer.

Getting the bells took a long time; the north tower acquired its electric bells only in 1932. The same year, Eero Järnefelt, a Finnish painter and art professor, painted the altarpiece depicting Saul's conversion. The spires' tops were originally brickwork, but they became covered in copper in 1911, and the smaller corner spires in 1934.

The bombing of Helsinki in February 1944 slightly damaged the building, with several windows broken. The 66-stop organ, built in 1891 by the German organ manufacturer E.F. Walcker & Co., was transformed into a 74-stop organ in 1956. In 1991, St. John's Church underwent its last renovation. At that time, the basement became a crypt.


Adolf Emil Melander, a Stockholm architect, designed St. John's Church in the Neo-Gothic architectural style, as shown in the pointed arches of windows and doors, a succession of columns at the entrance, and the elaborately adorned façade.

The structure measures 59 meters (194 feet) in length and has a 42-meter (138-foot) nave. Granite footings and red brick masonry define the exterior. Two 74-meter (243-foot) towers stand above the main entrance in the northeast section.

Kari Juva's 2003 John the Baptist sculpture is next to the church's main entrance. Along the aisle's walls are a series of wood reliefs made in Italy depicting the fourteen stations of the Way of the Cross.

The lighting effects inside the building, created by the towering arched windows, rose windows in the pediments, and numerous tiny windows with ornate and colored glass, are spectacular. Various chandeliers and sconces also beautifully light up the church.

How to Get There

The iconic twin spires of St. John's Church stand out in Helsinki's skyline. The church is just a 17-minute walk from Helsinki Cathedral on the Unioninkatu-Pohjoisesplanadi-Korkeavuorenkatu route.

Address: Korkeavuorenkatu 12, 00120 Helsinki, Finland

By Public Transportation:

Bus (lines 20, 30): Viiskulma
Tram (line 10): Johanneskyrkan

Opening Hours & Ticket Prices

Admission is free. Please check the church's website for hours of operation.

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Have you ever visited the Church of St. John in Helsinki? Were you impressed by its interior? Feel free to leave a comment below.

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