The 10 Largest Cities in Western Europe

Western Europe
East Berlin

The United Nations geoscheme for Europe divides the continent into Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, and Western Europe. According to this intergovernmental organization, Western Europe consists of nine countries: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. What is the largest city in the region? The following is a list of the top ten largest cities in Western Europe by area.

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Western Europe's 10 Largest Cities

10. Munster

Area: 303,28 km² (117,09 sq mi)
Country: Germany

Munster is a German city located in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, in the country's northwest. Vegetation covers two-thirds of its total area. The longest line of the urban area extends 24.4 km (15.16 mi) from north to south. The city is well-known for its large number of cyclists and extensive network of bike paths. Its historical center, rebuilt after WWII, has many architectural treasures. Munster is one of Germany's ten largest university cities, and numerous students shape the city's culture.

9. Munich

Area: 310.71 km2 (119.97 sq mi)
Country: Germany

Munich is the capital of Bavaria, a German state. Forests cover 4% of its total area, and the longest line of the urban area extends 30 km (18 mi) from east to west. The city is well-known for its stunning architecture, rich culture, history, and annual beer festival; it has one of the most beautiful squares in the country: Marienplatz, which houses the Old and New Town Halls.

8. Rotterdam

Area: 324.14 km2 (125.15 sq mi)
Country: The Netherlands

Rotterdam is a port city in the Netherlands' west, located at the mouth of the Rhine in the North Sea. Water bodies cover about 35% of the city area. In 1940, bombing attacks by the Germans destroyed Rotterdam's historic center; since then, the city has become a center for innovative architecture, including skyscrapers. As a result, it is modern, in contrast to many other old Dutch cities.

7. Bremen

Area: 326.73 km2 (126.15 sq mi)
Country: Germany

Bremen is a city in northern Germany. It lies on the banks of the Weser River, about 60 km (37 mi) from its mouth to the North Sea. Nature reserves cover almost 7% of its total area, and the longest line of the urban area extends 38 km (15 mi) from the northwest to the southeast. Bremen's historical heart is the 15th-century market square, with two World Heritage Sites: Gothic Town Hall and Roland statue.

6. Dresden

Area: 328.8 km2 (127.0 sq mi)
Country: Germany

Dresden is the capital of Saxony, a German state. The city lies on both sides of the Elbe. Due to its Baroque and Mediterranean-inspired architecture and picturesque river valley, it gained the name "Florence on the Elbe." The longest line of the urban area extends 27 km (17 mi) from east to west. Dresden is one of Europe's greenest major cities, with 63% of its territory covered in vegetation.

5. Cologne

Area: 405.15 km2 (156.43 sq mi)
Country: Germany

Cologne, located on the Rhine River's banks, about 85 kilometers from the border with the Netherlands, is one of Germany's oldest cities. The city is one of Europe's most popular travel destinations, known for its magnificent cathedral, Romanesque churches, medieval monuments, and over 2000 years of history. Cologne has 13% forest cover.

4. Vienna

Area: 414.78 km2 (160.15 sq mi)
Country: Austria

Vienna is Austria's capital, located at the foot of the Alps on the Danube's banks, only 60 km (37 mi) west of Slovakia's capital, Bratislava. Forest cover almost 7% of its total area. Until the early twentieth century, Vienna was the world's largest German-speaking city. Its Old Town and Schönbrunn Palace are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

3. Hamburg

Area: 755.22 km2 (291.59 sq mi)
Country: Germany

Located near the mouth of the Elbe and close to the North Sea, Hamburg is the largest seaport and second-largest city in Germany. It consists of 92% land and 8% water. Because of its numerous bridges and canals, Hamburg might refer to as the "Venice of the North." Green space covers 14% of the total area of the city.

2. Arles

Area: 758.93 km2 (293.02 sq mi)
Country: France

Arles is a coastal city on the banks of the Rhone River in southern France, between Nimes (30 km) and Marseille (90 km). The city's territory includes a vast nature reserve making its area of 758.93 km2 (293.02 sq mi); therefore, it is the largest city in France. Arles' Roman and Romanesque monuments are on UNESCO World Heritage List. Vincent van Gogh, a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter, spent 1888–1889 in the city and created over 300 drawings.

1. Berlin

Area: 891.3 km2 (344.1 sq mi)
Country: Germany

Berlin is in northeastern Germany, lying on the banks of the Spree and Havel rivers and their tributaries, about 90 kilometers (56 miles) west of the Polish border. The longest line of the urban area extends 45 km (28 mi) from east to west. Trees cover 44% of the city area on average, according to, making Berlin the city with the most forest area in Germany.

Attractions in Berlin: The 10 Best

What is the Largest City in Europe?

London. The city has a total area of 1,572.03 km2 (606.96 sq mi), nearly double the size of Berlin.

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